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gds.cpp

/*
 *    PROGRAM:    JRD Access Method
 *    MODULE:           gds.cpp
 *    DESCRIPTION:      User callable routines
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Interbase Public
 * License Version 1.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file
 * except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy
 * of the License at http://www.Inprise.com/IPL.html
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express
 * or implied. See the License for the specific language governing
 * rights and limitations under the License.
 *
 * The Original Code was created by Inprise Corporation
 * and its predecessors. Portions created by Inprise Corporation are
 * Copyright (C) Inprise Corporation.
 *
 * All Rights Reserved.
 * Contributor(s): ______________________________________.
 *
 * 2002.02.15 Sean Leyne - Code Cleanup, removed obsolete "IMP" port
 * 2002.02.15 Sean Leyne - Code Cleanup, removed obsolete "M88K" port
 *
 * 2002.10.29 Sean Leyne - Removed obsolete "Netware" port
 *
 * 2002.10.30 Sean Leyne - Removed support for obsolete "PC_PLATFORM" define
 * 2003.05.11 Nickolay Samofatov - rework temp stuff
 *
 */

// 11 Sept 2002 Nickolay Samofatov
// this defined in included dsc2.h
//#define ISC_TIME_SECONDS_PRECISION            10000L
//#define ISC_TIME_SECONDS_PRECISION_SCALE      -4

#include "firebird.h"
#include "ProviderInterface.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "../common/common.h"
#include "../common/gdsassert.h"
#include "../common/file_params.h"
#include "../jrd/msg_encode.h"
#include "../yvalve/gds_proto.h"
#include "../common/os/path_utils.h"
#include "../common/dsc.h"
#include "../jrd/constants.h"
#include "../jrd/status.h"
#include "../common/os/os_utils.h"
#include "../jrd/BlrReader.h"

#include "../common/classes/alloc.h"
#include "../common/classes/locks.h"
#include "../common/classes/timestamp.h"
#include "../common/classes/init.h"
#include "../common/classes/TempFile.h"
#include "../common/utils_proto.h"

#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
#include <sys/param.h>
#endif

#include <errno.h>

#include <stdarg.h>

#if defined(WIN_NT)
#include <io.h> // umask, close, lseek, read, open, _sopen
#include <process.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/timeb.h>
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_FILE_H
#include <sys/file.h>
#endif

#ifndef O_RDWR
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif

#include "../common/config/config.h"

#include "gen/sql_code.h"
#include "gen/sql_state.h"
#include "gen/iberror.h"
#include "../jrd/ibase.h"

#include "../jrd/blr.h"
#include "../jrd/msg.h"
#include "../common/isc_proto.h"
#include "../common/os/isc_i_proto.h"

#ifdef WIN_NT
#include <shlobj.h>
#if _MSC_VER <= 1500
#include <shfolder.h>
#endif
#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <share.h>
#undef leave
#endif // WIN_NT

static char fb_prefix_val[MAXPATHLEN];
static char fb_prefix_lock_val[MAXPATHLEN];
static char fb_prefix_msg_val[MAXPATHLEN];
static char fbTempDir[MAXPATHLEN];
static char* fb_prefix = NULL;
static char* fb_prefix_lock = NULL;
static char* fb_prefix_msg = NULL;

#include "gen/msgs.h"

#ifndef O_BINARY
#define O_BINARY  0
#endif

const SLONG GENERIC_SQLCODE         = -999;

#include "../include/fb_types.h"
#include "../jrd/jrd.h"
#include "../common/utils_proto.h"

#include "../common/classes/SafeArg.h"
#include "../common/classes/MsgPrint.h"

using Firebird::TimeStamp;
using Jrd::BlrReader;

// This structure is used to parse the firebird.msg file.
00140 struct gds_msg
{
      ULONG msg_top_tree;
      int msg_file;
      USHORT msg_bucket_size;
      USHORT msg_levels;
      SCHAR msg_bucket[1];
};


// CVC: This structure has a totally different layout than "class ctl" from
// blob_filter.h and "struct isc_blob_ctl" from ibase.h. These two should match
// for blob filters to work. However, this one is private to gds.cpp and hence
// I renamed it gds_ctl to avoid confusion and possible name clashes.
// However, filters.cpp calls fb_print_blr(), but this struct is not shared
// between the two modules.
00156 struct gds_ctl
{
      BlrReader ctl_blr_reader;
      FPTR_PRINT_CALLBACK ctl_routine;    // Call back
      void* ctl_user_arg;                             // User argument
      SSHORT ctl_language;
      Firebird::string ctl_string;
};

#ifdef DEV_BUILD
void GDS_breakpoint(int);
#endif


static void       blr_error(gds_ctl*, const TEXT*, ...) ATTRIBUTE_FORMAT(2,3);
static void       blr_format(gds_ctl*, const char*, ...) ATTRIBUTE_FORMAT(2,3);
static void       blr_indent(gds_ctl*, SSHORT);
static void       blr_print_blr(gds_ctl*, UCHAR);
static SCHAR      blr_print_byte(gds_ctl*);
static SCHAR      blr_print_char(gds_ctl*);
static void       blr_print_cond(gds_ctl*, SSHORT);
static int        blr_print_dtype(gds_ctl*);
static void       blr_print_join(gds_ctl*);
static SLONG      blr_print_line(gds_ctl*, SSHORT);
static void       blr_print_verb(gds_ctl*, SSHORT);
static int        blr_print_word(gds_ctl*);

static void       sanitize(Firebird::string& locale);

static void       safe_concat_path(TEXT* destbuf, const TEXT* srcbuf);

// New functions that try to be safe.
static SLONG safe_interpret(char* const s, const size_t bufsize,
      const ISC_STATUS** const vector, bool legacy = false);
static void safe_strncpy(char* target, const char* source, size_t bs);

// Useful only in Windows. The hardcoded definition for the English-only version
// is too crude.
static bool GetProgramFilesDir(Firebird::PathName& output);


// Generic cleanup handlers

00199 struct clean_t
{
      clean_t*    clean_next;
      void        (*clean_routine)(void*);
      void*       clean_arg;
};

static Firebird::GlobalPtr<Firebird::Mutex> cleanup_handlers_mutex;
static clean_t* cleanup_handlers = NULL;
static Firebird::GlobalPtr<Firebird::Mutex> global_msg_mutex;
static gds_msg* global_default_msg = NULL;

VoidPtr API_ROUTINE gds__alloc_debug(SLONG size_request, const TEXT* filename, ULONG lineno)
{
      try
      {
            return getDefaultMemoryPool()->allocate(size_request
#ifdef DEBUG_GDS_ALLOC
                  , filename, lineno
#endif
            );
      }
      catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
      {
            return NULL;
      }
}

ULONG API_ROUTINE gds__free(void* blk)
{
      getDefaultMemoryPool()->deallocate(blk);
      return 0;
}

#ifdef UNIX
static SLONG gds_pid = 0;
#endif

// BLR Pretty print stuff

const int op_line       = 1;
const int op_verb       = 2;
const int op_byte       = 3;
const int op_word       = 4;
const int op_pad        = 5;
const int op_dtype            = 6;
const int op_message    = 7;
const int op_literal    = 8;
const int op_begin            = 9;
const int op_map        = 10;
const int op_args       = 11;
const int op_union            = 12;
const int op_indent           = 13;
const int op_join       = 14;
const int op_parameters = 15;
const int op_error_handler    = 16;
const int op_set_error  = 17;
const int op_literals   = 18;
const int op_relation   = 20;
const int op_exec_into  = 21;
const int op_cursor_stmt      = 22;
const int op_byte_opt_verb    = 23;
const int op_exec_stmt        = 24;
const int op_derived_expr     = 25;
const int op_partition_args   = 26;

static const UCHAR
      // generic print formats
      zero[]            = { op_line, 0 },
      one[]       = { op_line, op_verb, 0},
      two[]       = { op_line, op_verb, op_verb, 0},
      three[]           = { op_line, op_verb, op_verb, op_verb, 0},
      field[]           = { op_byte, op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_line, 0},
      byte_line[]       = { op_byte, op_line, 0},
      byte_args[] = { op_byte, op_line, op_args, 0},
      byte_verb[] = { op_byte, op_line, op_verb, 0},
      byte_verb_verb[] = { op_byte, op_line, op_verb, op_verb, 0},
      byte_literal[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_line, 0},
      byte_byte_verb[] = { op_byte, op_byte, op_line, op_verb, 0},
      parm[]            = { op_byte, op_word, op_line, 0},  // also field id

      parm2[]           = { op_byte, op_word, op_word, op_line, 0},
      parm3[]           = { op_byte, op_word, op_word, op_word, op_line, 0},

      // formats specific to a verb
      begin[]           = { op_line, op_begin, op_verb, 0},
      literal[]   = { op_dtype, op_literal, op_line, 0},
      message[]   = { op_byte, op_word, op_line, op_message, 0},
      rse[]       = { op_byte, op_line, op_begin, op_verb, 0},
      relation[]  = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, 0},
      relation2[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_line, op_indent, op_byte,
                              op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, 0},
      aggregate[] = { op_byte, op_line, op_verb, op_verb, op_verb, 0},
      rid[]       = { op_word, op_byte, op_line, 0},
      rid2[]            = { op_word, op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, 0},
      union_ops[] = { op_byte, op_byte, op_line, op_union, 0},
    map[]       = { op_word, op_line, op_map, 0},
      function[]  = { op_byte, op_literal, op_byte, op_line, op_args, 0},
      function2[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line,
                              op_args, 0},
      gen_id[]    = { op_byte, op_literal, op_line, op_verb, 0},
      declare[]   = { op_word, op_dtype, op_line, 0},
      variable[]  = { op_word, op_line, 0},
      indx[]            = { op_line, op_verb, op_indent, op_byte, op_line, op_args, 0},
      seek[]            = { op_line, op_verb, op_verb, 0},
      join[]            = { op_join, op_line, 0},
      exec_proc[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_line, op_indent, op_word, op_line,
                              op_parameters, op_indent, op_word, op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      exec_proc2[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_literal, op_line, op_indent, op_word, op_line,
                              op_parameters, op_indent, op_word, op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      procedure[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, op_indent,
                              op_word, op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      procedure2[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, op_indent,
                               op_word, op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      procedure3[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_literal, op_pad,
                               op_byte, op_line, op_indent,
                               op_word, op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      procedure4[] = { op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_literal, op_pad,
                               op_byte, op_literal, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, op_indent,
                               op_word, op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      pid[]       = { op_word, op_pad, op_byte, op_line, op_indent, op_word,
                              op_line, op_parameters, 0},
      error_handler[] = { op_word, op_line, op_error_handler, 0},
      set_error[] = { op_set_error, op_line, 0},
      cast[]            = { op_dtype, op_line, op_verb, 0},
      indices[]   = { op_byte, op_line, op_literals, 0},
      extract[]   = { op_line, op_byte, op_verb, 0},
      user_savepoint[]  = { op_byte, op_byte, op_literal, op_line, 0},
      exec_into[] = { op_word, op_line, op_indent, op_exec_into, 0},
      dcl_cursor[] = { op_word, op_line, op_verb, op_indent, op_word, op_line, op_args, 0},
      cursor_stmt[] = { op_cursor_stmt, 0 },
      strlength[] = { op_byte, op_line, op_verb, 0},
      trim[] = { op_byte, op_byte_opt_verb, op_verb, 0},
      modify2[] = { op_byte, op_byte, op_line, op_verb, op_verb, 0},
      similar[] = { op_line, op_verb, op_verb, op_indent, op_byte_opt_verb, 0},
      exec_stmt[] = { op_exec_stmt, 0},
      derived_expr[] = { op_derived_expr, 0},
      window[] = {op_line, op_verb, op_indent, op_byte, op_line, op_args, 0},
      partition_by[] = {op_byte, op_line, op_partition_args, op_verb, 0},
      decode[] = { op_line, op_verb, op_indent, op_byte, op_line, op_args, op_indent, op_byte,
                         op_line, op_args, 0};


#include "../jrd/blp.h"

const char* const FB_LOCK_ENV       = "FIREBIRD_LOCK";
const char* const FB_MSG_ENV        = "FIREBIRD_MSG";
const char* const FB_TMP_ENV        = "FIREBIRD_TMP";

#ifdef WIN_NT
#define EXPAND_PATH(relative, absolute)         _fullpath(absolute, relative, MAXPATHLEN)
#define COMPARE_PATH(a, b)                _stricmp(a, b)
#else
#define EXPAND_PATH(relative, absolute)         realpath(relative, absolute)
#define COMPARE_PATH(a, b)                strcmp(a, b)
#endif


// This function is very crude, but signal-safe.
// CVC: This function converts a FB_UINT64 into a string. I renamed the param
// maxlen to minlen because it represents the minimum length the number will
// be printed in. However, this means buffer should be large enough to contain
// any ULONG (11 bytes) and thus prevent a buffer overflow. If minlen >= 11,
// then buffer should have be of size = (minlen + 1).
void gds__ulstr(char* buffer, FB_UINT64 value, const int minlen, const char filler)
{
      FB_UINT64 n = value;

      int c = 0;
      do {
            n = n / 10;
            c++;
      } while (n);

      if (minlen > c)
            c = minlen;

      char* p = buffer + c;

      do {
            *--p = '0' + (value % 10);
            value = value / 10;
      } while (value);

      fb_assert(p >= buffer); // did we overflow?

      while (p != buffer) {
            *--p = filler;
      }
      buffer[c] = 0;
}


ISC_STATUS API_ROUTINE gds__decode(ISC_STATUS code, USHORT* fac, USHORT* code_class)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ d e c o d e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Translate a status codes from system dependent form to
 *    network form.
 *
 **************************************/

      if (!code)
            return FB_SUCCESS;

      // not an ISC error message
      if ((code & ISC_MASK) != ISC_MASK)
            return code;

      *fac = GET_FACILITY(code);
      *code_class = GET_CLASS(code);
      return GET_CODE(code);

}


void API_ROUTINE isc_decode_date(const ISC_QUAD* date, void* times_arg)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ d e c o d e _ d a t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from internal timestamp format to UNIX time structure.
 *
 *    Note: this API is historical - the prefered entrypoint is
 *    isc_decode_timestamp
 *
 **************************************/
      isc_decode_timestamp((const GDS_TIMESTAMP*) date, times_arg);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_decode_sql_date(const GDS_DATE* date, void* times_arg)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ d e c o d e _ s q l _ d a t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from internal DATE format to UNIX time structure.
 *
 **************************************/
      tm* const times = static_cast<struct tm*>(times_arg);
      TimeStamp::decode_date(*date, times);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_decode_sql_time(const GDS_TIME* sql_time, void* times_arg)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ d e c o d e _ s q l _ t i m e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from internal TIME format to UNIX time structure.
 *
 **************************************/
      tm* const times = static_cast<struct tm*>(times_arg);
      memset(times, 0, sizeof(*times));
      Firebird::TimeStamp::decode_time(*sql_time, &times->tm_hour, &times->tm_min, &times->tm_sec);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_decode_timestamp(const GDS_TIMESTAMP* date, void* times_arg)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ d e c o d e _ t i m e s t a m p
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from internal timestamp format to UNIX time structure.
 *
 *    Note: This routine is intended only for public API use. Engine itself and
 *  utilities should be using TimeStamp class directly in type-safe manner.
 *
 **************************************/
      tm* const times = static_cast<struct tm*>(times_arg);
      Firebird::TimeStamp::decode_timestamp(*date, times);
}


ISC_STATUS API_ROUTINE gds__encode(ISC_STATUS code, USHORT facility)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ e n c o d e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Translate a status codes from network format to system
 *    dependent form.
 *
 **************************************/
      return (code ? ENCODE_ISC_MSG(code, facility) : FB_SUCCESS);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_encode_date(const void* times_arg, ISC_QUAD* date)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ e n c o d e _ d a t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from UNIX time structure to internal timestamp format.
 *
 *    Note: This API is historical -- the prefered entrypoint is
 *    isc_encode_timestamp
 *
 **************************************/
      isc_encode_timestamp(times_arg, (ISC_TIMESTAMP*) date);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_encode_sql_date(const void* times_arg, GDS_DATE* date)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ e n c o d e _ s q l _ d a t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from UNIX time structure to internal date format.
 *
 **************************************/
      const tm* const times = static_cast<const struct tm*>(times_arg);
      *date = TimeStamp::encode_date(times);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_encode_sql_time(const void* times_arg, GDS_TIME* isc_time)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ e n c o d e _ s q l _ t i m e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from UNIX time structure to internal TIME format.
 *
 **************************************/
      const tm* const times = static_cast<const struct tm*>(times_arg);
      *isc_time = Firebird::TimeStamp::encode_time(times->tm_hour, times->tm_min, times->tm_sec);
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_encode_timestamp(const void* times_arg, GDS_TIMESTAMP* date)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ e n c o d e _ t i m e s t a m p
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Convert from UNIX time structure to internal timestamp format.
 *
 *    Note: This routine is intended only for public API use. Engine itself and
 *  utilities should be using TimeStamp class directly in type-safe manner.
 *
 **************************************/
      const tm* const times = static_cast<const struct tm*>(times_arg);
      *date = Firebird::TimeStamp::encode_timestamp(times);
}


#ifdef DEV_BUILD

void GDS_breakpoint(int /*parameter*/)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    G D S _ b r e a k p o i n t
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Just a handy place to put a debugger breakpoint
 *    Calls to this can then be embedded for DEV_BUILD
 *    using the BREAKPOINT(x) macro.
 *
 **************************************/
      // Put a breakpoint here via the debugger
}
#endif


SINT64 API_ROUTINE isc_portable_integer(const UCHAR* ptr, SSHORT length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ p o r t a b l e _ i n t e g e r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Pick up (and convert) a Little Endian (VAX) style integer
 *      of length 1, 2, 4 or 8 bytes to local system's Endian format.
 *
 *   various parameter blocks (i.e., dpb, tpb, spb) flatten out multibyte
 *   values into little endian byte ordering before network transmission.
 *   programs need to use this function in order to get the correct value
 *   of the integer in the correct Endian format.
 *
 * **Note**
 *
 *   This function is similar to gds__vax_integer() in functionality.
 *   The difference is in the return type. Changed from SLONG to SINT64
 *   Since gds__vax_integer() is a public API routine, it could not be
 *   changed. This function has been made public so gbak can use it.
 *
 **************************************/
      if (!ptr || length <= 0 || length > 8)
            return 0;

      SINT64 value = 0;

      for (int shift = 0; --length >= 0; shift += 8) {
            value += ((SINT64) *ptr++) << shift;
      }

      return value;
}

void API_ROUTINE gds_alloc_flag_unfreed(void* /*blk*/)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ a l l o c _ f l a g _ u n f r e e d
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Flag a buffer as "known to be unfreed" so we
 *    don't report it in gds_alloc_report
 *
 **************************************/
      // JMB: need to rework this for the new pools
      // Skidder: Not sure we need to rework this routine.
      // What we really need is to fix all memory leaks including very old.
}


void API_ROUTINE gds_alloc_report(ULONG flags, const char* filter_filename, int /*lineno*/)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ a l l o c _ r e p o r t
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print buffers that might be memory leaks.
 *    Or that might have been clobbered.
 *
 **************************************/
// Skidder: Calls to this function must be replaced with MemoryPool::print_contents
      Firebird::PathName report_name = fb_utils::getPrefix(fb_utils::FB_DIR_LOG, "fbsrvreport.txt");
      // Our new facilities don't expose flags for reporting.
      const bool used_only = !(flags & ALLOC_verbose);
      getDefaultMemoryPool()->print_contents(report_name.c_str(), used_only, filter_filename);
}


/**
fb_interpret

      @brief Buffer overrun-aware version of the old gds__interprete
      without the double underscore and without the misspelling.
      Translate a status code with arguments to a string.  Return the
      length of the string while updating the vector address.  If the
      message is null (end of messages) or invalid, return 0;

      @param s the output buffer where a human readable version of the error is put
      @param bufsize the size of the output buffer
      @param vector the input, the address of const pointer to the status vector
          that was filled by an API call that reported an error. The function
          positions the pointer on the next element of the vector.
**/
SLONG API_ROUTINE fb_interpret(char* s, unsigned int bufsize, const ISC_STATUS** vector)
{
      return safe_interpret(s, bufsize, vector);
}


/* CVC: This non-const signature is needed for compatibility. The reason is
that, unlike int* that can be assigned to const int* transparently to the caller,
int** CANNOT be assigned to const int**, so applications would have to be
fixed to provide such const int**; while it may be more correct from the
semantic POV, we can't estimate how much work it's for app developers.
Therefore, we go back to the old signature and provide fb_interpret
for compliance, to be used inside the engine, too. September, 2003.
November, 2004: We agree that fb_interpret is the new, safe interface.
Both gds__interprete and isc_interprete are deprecated. */

SLONG API_ROUTINE gds__interprete(char* s, ISC_STATUS** vector)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ i n t e r p r e t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 * See safe_interpret for details. Now this is a wrapper for that function.
 * CVC: Since this routine doesn't get the size of the input buffer,
 * it's DEPRECATED and we'll assume the buffer size was 1024 as in Borland examples.
 *
 **************************************/
      return safe_interpret(s, 1024, const_cast<const ISC_STATUS**>(vector), true);
}


/**
safe_interpret

      @brief Translate a status code with arguments to a string.  Return the
      length of the string while updating the vector address.  If the
      message is null (end of messages) or invalid, return 0;

      @param s the output buffer where a human readable version of the error is put
      @param bufsize the size of the output buffer
      @param vector the input, the address of const pointer to the status vector
          that was filled by an API call that reported an error. The function
          positions the pointer on the next element of the vector.

**/
static SLONG safe_interpret(char* const s, const size_t bufsize,
      const ISC_STATUS** const vector, bool legacy)
{
      // CVC: It doesn't make sense to provide a buffer smaller than 50 bytes.
      // Return error otherwise.
      if (bufsize < 50)
            return 0;

      // Skip the SQLSTATE
      if ((*vector)[0] == isc_arg_sql_state)
            *vector += 2;

      // If the first element of the vector doesn't signal an error, return.
      if (!**vector)
            return 0;

      const ISC_STATUS* v;
      ISC_STATUS code;
      // Handle a case: "no errors, some warning(s)"
      if ((*vector)[1] == 0 && (*vector)[2] == isc_arg_warning)
      {
            v = *vector + 4;
            code = (*vector)[3];
      }
      else
      {
            v = *vector + 2;
            code = (*vector)[1];
      }

      const TEXT* args[10];
      const TEXT** arg = args;
      const char* const* const argend = arg + FB_NELEM(args);

      MsgFormat::SafeArg safe;

      // Parse and collect any arguments that may be present

      TEXT* p = 0;
      const TEXT* q;
      int temp_len = BUFFER_SMALL;
      TEXT* temp = NULL;

      for (;;)
      {
            // CVC: Close overflow in "args".
            if (arg >= argend)
                  break;

            int len;
            const UCHAR x = (UCHAR) *v++;
            switch (x)
            {
            case isc_arg_string:
                  *arg++ = (TEXT*) *v;
                  safe << (TEXT*) *v;
                  ++v;
                  continue;

            case isc_arg_number:
                  *arg++ = (TEXT*) *v;
                  safe << *v;
                  ++v;
                  continue;

            case isc_arg_cstring:
                  if (!temp)
                  {
                        // We need a temporary buffer when cstrings are involved.
                        // Give up if we can't get one.

                        p = temp = (TEXT*) gds__alloc((SLONG) temp_len);
                        // FREE: at procedure exit
                        if (!temp)        // NOMEM:
                              return 0;
                  }
                  len = 1 + (int) *v++; // CVC: Add one for the needed terminator.
                  q = (const TEXT*) *v++;

                  // Ensure that we do not overflow the buffer allocated
                  len = (temp_len < len) ? temp_len : len;
                  if (len)
                  {
                        // CVC: On the next iteration, we don't have the full buffer
                        // but only the remainer of the buffer. We decrement here before
                        // the loop changes "len".
                        temp_len -= len;
                        *arg++ = p;
                        safe << p;
                        // We'll silently truncate the parameter to our available space.
                        while (--len) // CVC: Decrement first to make room for the null terminator.
                              *p++ = *q++;

                        *p++ = 0;
                  }
                  else  // No space at all, pass the empty string.
                  {
                        *arg++ = "";
                        safe << "";
                  }

                  continue;

            default:
                  break;
            }
            --v;
            break;
      }

      // Handle primary code on a system by system basis

      switch ((UCHAR) (*vector)[0])
      {
      case isc_arg_warning:
      case isc_arg_gds:
            {
                  while (arg < args + 5) // could be argend, but we only use up to args[4]
                      *arg++ = 0;

                  USHORT fac = 0, dummy_class = 0;
                  const ISC_STATUS decoded = gds__decode(code, &fac, &dummy_class);
                  if (fb_msg_format(0, fac, (USHORT) decoded, bufsize, s, safe) < 0)
                  {
                        bool found = false;

                        for (int i = 0; messages[i].code_number; ++i)
                        {
                              if (code == messages[i].code_number)
                              {
                                    if (legacy && strchr(messages[i].code_text, '%'))
                                    {
                                          sprintf(s, messages[i].code_text,
                                                      args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4]);
                                    }
                                    else
                                          MsgFormat::MsgPrint(s, bufsize, messages[i].code_text, safe);
                                    found = true;
                                    break;
                              }
                        }

                        if (!found) {
                              sprintf(s, "unknown ISC error %ld", code);      // TXNN
                        }
                  }
            }
            break;

      case isc_arg_interpreted:
            q = (const TEXT*) (*vector)[1];
            if (legacy)
                  safe_strncpy(s, q, bufsize);
            else
            {
                  strncpy(s, q, bufsize);
                  s[bufsize - 1] = 0;
            }
            break;

      case isc_arg_unix:
            // The strerror() function returns the appropriate description string,
            // or an unknown error message if the error code is unknown.
            q = (const TEXT*) strerror(code);
            if (legacy)
                  safe_strncpy(s, q, bufsize);
            else
            {
                  strncpy(s, q, bufsize);
                  s[bufsize - 1] = 0;
            }
            break;

      case isc_arg_dos:
            sprintf(s, "unknown dos error %ld", code);      // TXNN
            break;

      case isc_arg_next_mach:
            sprintf(s, "next/mach error %ld", code);  // AP
            break;

      case isc_arg_win32:
#ifdef WIN_NT
            if (!FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK, NULL, code,
                                       GetUserDefaultLangID(), s, bufsize, NULL) &&
                  !FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK, NULL, code,
                                       0, // TMN: Fallback to system known language
                                       s, bufsize, NULL))
#endif
            {
                  sprintf(s, "unknown Win32 error %ld", code);    // TXNN
            }
            break;

      default:
            if (temp)
                  gds__free(temp);
            return 0;
      }


      if (temp)
            gds__free(temp);

      *vector = v;
      const TEXT* end = s;
      while (*end)
            end++;

      return static_cast<SLONG>(end - s);
}


// ***********************
// s a f e _ s t r n c p y
// ***********************
// Done exclusively because in legacy mode, safe_interpret cannot fill the
// string up to the end by calling strncpy.
static void safe_strncpy(char* target, const char* source, size_t bs)
{
      if (!bs)
            return;

      for (--bs; bs > 0 && *source; --bs)
            *target++ = *source++;

      *target = 0;
}


// CVC: This special function for ADA has been restored to non-const vector,
// too, in case its usage was broken.
void API_ROUTINE gds__interprete_a(SCHAR* s, SSHORT* length, ISC_STATUS* vector, SSHORT* offset)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ i n t e r p r e t e _ a
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Translate a status code with arguments to a string.  Return the
 *    length of the string while updating the vector address.  If the
 *    message is null (end of messages) or invalid, return 0;
 *    Ada being an unsatisfactory excuse for a language, fall back on
 *    the concept of indexing into the vector.
 *
 **************************************/
      ISC_STATUS *v = vector + *offset;
      *length = (SSHORT) gds__interprete(s, &v);
      *offset = v - vector;
}


const int SECS_PER_HOUR = 60 * 60;
const int SECS_PER_DAY  = SECS_PER_HOUR * 24;

#ifdef WIN_NT
class CleanupTraceHandles
{
public:
      ~CleanupTraceHandles()
      {
            CloseHandle(trace_mutex_handle);
            trace_mutex_handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

            if (trace_file_handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
                  CloseHandle(trace_file_handle);

            trace_file_handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
      }

      // This is machine-global. Can be made instance-global.
      // For as long you don't trace two instances in parallel this shouldn't matter.
      static HANDLE trace_mutex_handle;
      static HANDLE trace_file_handle;
};

HANDLE CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle = CreateMutex(NULL, FALSE, "firebird_trace_mutex");
HANDLE CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

CleanupTraceHandles cleanupHandles;

#endif

void API_ROUTINE gds__trace_raw(const char* text, unsigned int length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ t r a c e _ r a w
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Write trace event to a log file
 *
 **************************************/
      if (!length)
            length = strlen(text);
#ifdef WIN_NT
      // Note: thread-safe code

      // Nickolay Samofatov, 12 Sept 2003. Windows opens files extremely slowly.
      // Slowly enough to make such trace useless. Thus we cache file handle !
      WaitForSingleObject(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle, INFINITE);
      while (true)
      {
            if (CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
            {
                  Firebird::PathName name = fb_utils::getPrefix(fb_utils::FB_DIR_LOG, LOGFILE);
                  // We do not care to close this file.
                  // It will be closed automatically when our process terminates.
                  CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle = CreateFile(name.c_str(), GENERIC_WRITE,
                        FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE | FILE_SHARE_DELETE,
                        NULL, OPEN_ALWAYS, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
                  if (CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
                        break;
            }
            DWORD bytesWritten;
            SetFilePointer(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle, 0, NULL, FILE_END);
            WriteFile(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle, text, length, &bytesWritten, NULL);
            if (bytesWritten != length)
            {
                  // Handle the case when file was deleted by another process on Win9x
                  // On WinNT we are not going to notice that fact :(
                  CloseHandle(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle);
                  CleanupTraceHandles::trace_file_handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
                  continue;
            }
            break;
      }
      ReleaseMutex(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle);
#else
      Firebird::PathName name = fb_utils::getPrefix(fb_utils::FB_DIR_LOG, LOGFILE);
      int file = open(name.c_str(), O_CREAT | O_APPEND | O_WRONLY, 0660);
      if (file == -1)
            return;

      write(file, text, length);
      close(file);
#endif
}

void API_ROUTINE gds__trace(const TEXT* text)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ t r a c e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Post trace event to a log file. Function records date and time
 *  This function tries to be async-signal safe
 *
 **************************************/
      const time_t now = time(NULL); // is specified in POSIX to be signal-safe

      // 07 Sept 2003, Nickolay Samofatov.
      // Since we cannot call ctime/localtime_r or anything else like this from
      // signal hanlders we need to decode time by hand.

      const int days = static_cast<int>(now / SECS_PER_DAY);
      int rem = static_cast<int>(now % SECS_PER_DAY);

      tm today;
      TimeStamp::decode_date(days + TimeStamp::GDS_EPOCH_START, &today);
    today.tm_hour = rem / SECS_PER_HOUR;
    rem %= SECS_PER_HOUR;
    today.tm_min = rem / 60;
    today.tm_sec = rem % 60;

      char buffer[BUFFER_MEDIUM];
      char* p = buffer;

      gds__ulstr(p, today.tm_year + 1900, 4, '0');
      p += 4;
      *p++ = '-';
      gds__ulstr(p, today.tm_mon, 2, '0');
      p += 2;
      *p++ = '-';
      gds__ulstr(p, today.tm_mday, 2, '0');
      p += 2;
      *p++ = 'T';
      gds__ulstr(p, today.tm_hour, 2, '0');
      p += 2;
      *p++ = ':';
      gds__ulstr(p, today.tm_min, 2, '0');
      p += 2;
      *p++ = ':';
      gds__ulstr(p, today.tm_sec, 2, '0');
      p += 2;
      *p++ = ' ';
      ULONG apid =
#ifdef WIN_NT
                         GetCurrentProcessId();
#else
                         getpid();
#endif
      gds__ulstr(p, apid, 5, ' ');
      p += 5;
      *p++ = ' ';
      gds__ulstr(p, getThreadId(), 5, ' ');
      p += 5;
      *p++ = ' ';
      *p = '\0';

      Firebird::string s(buffer);
      s += text;
      s += "\n";

      gds__trace_raw(s.c_str(), s.length());
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__log(const TEXT* text, ...)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ l o g
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Post an event to a log file.
 *
 **************************************/
      va_list ptr;
      time_t now;

#ifdef HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY
      struct timeval tv;
      GETTIMEOFDAY(&tv);
      now = tv.tv_sec;
#else
      now = time((time_t *)0);
#endif

      Firebird::PathName name = fb_utils::getPrefix(fb_utils::FB_DIR_LOG, LOGFILE);

#ifdef WIN_NT
      WaitForSingleObject(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle, INFINITE);
#endif
      FILE* file = fopen(name.c_str(), "a");
      if (file != NULL)
      {
#ifndef WIN_NT
            // Get an exclusive lock on the file. That way potential race conditions
            // are avoided - both between threads and between processes.
#ifdef HAVE_FLOCK
            if (flock(fileno(file), LOCK_EX))
#else
            if (lockf(fileno(file), F_LOCK, 0))
#endif
            {
                  // give up
                  fclose(file);
                  return;
            }

            // Now make sure file is correctly positioned after lock is got
            fseek(file, 0, SEEK_END);
#endif

            TEXT buffer[MAXPATHLEN];
            fprintf(file, "\n%s\t%.25s\t", ISC_get_host(buffer, MAXPATHLEN), ctime(&now));
            va_start(ptr, text);
            vfprintf(file, text, ptr);
            va_end(ptr);
            fprintf(file, "\n\n");

            // This will release file lock set in posix case
            fclose(file);
      }
#ifdef WIN_NT
      ReleaseMutex(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle);
#endif
}

void API_ROUTINE gds__print_pool(MemoryPool* pool, const TEXT* text, ...)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ p r i n t _ p o o l
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print pool contents to the log file.
 * Preced it with normal log record as in gds__log
 *
 **************************************/
      va_list ptr;
      time_t now;

#ifdef HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY
      struct timeval tv;
      GETTIMEOFDAY(&tv);
      now = tv.tv_sec;
#else
      now = time((time_t *)0);
#endif

      Firebird::PathName name = fb_utils::getPrefix(fb_utils::FB_DIR_LOG, LOGFILE);

      const int oldmask = umask(0111);
#ifdef WIN_NT
      WaitForSingleObject(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle, INFINITE);
#endif
      FILE* file = fopen(name.c_str(), "a");
      if (file != NULL)
      {
            TEXT buffer[MAXPATHLEN];
            fprintf(file, "\n%s\t%.25s\t", ISC_get_host(buffer, MAXPATHLEN), ctime(&now));
            va_start(ptr, text);
            vfprintf(file, text, ptr);
            va_end(ptr);
            fprintf(file, "\n");
            pool->print_contents(file, false);
            fprintf(file, "\n");
            fclose(file);
      }
#ifdef WIN_NT
      ReleaseMutex(CleanupTraceHandles::trace_mutex_handle);
#endif

      umask(oldmask);

}


void API_ROUTINE gds__log_status(const TEXT* database, const ISC_STATUS* status_vector)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ l o g _ s t a t u s
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Log error to error log.
 *
 **************************************/
      fb_assert(status_vector[1] != FB_SUCCESS);

      try
      {
            if (database)
            {
                  Firebird::string buffer;
                  buffer.printf("Database: %s", database);
                  iscLogStatus(buffer.c_str(), status_vector);
            }
            else
            {
                  iscLogStatus(NULL, status_vector);
            }
      }
      catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
      {} // no-op
}


int API_ROUTINE gds__msg_close(void *handle)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ m s g _ c l o s e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Close the message file and zero out static variable.
 *
 **************************************/

      gds_msg* messageL = static_cast<gds_msg*>(handle);

      Firebird::MutexLockGuard guard(global_msg_mutex);

      if (!messageL)
      {
            if (!global_default_msg) {
                  return 0;
            }
            messageL = global_default_msg;
      }

      global_default_msg = NULL;

      const int fd = messageL->msg_file;

      gds__free(messageL);

      if (fd <= 0)
            return 0;

      return close(fd);
}


SSHORT API_ROUTINE gds__msg_format(void*       handle,
                                                   USHORT      facility,
                                                   USHORT      number,
                                                   USHORT      length,
                                                   TEXT*       buffer,
                                                   const TEXT* arg1,
                                                   const TEXT* arg2,
                                                   const TEXT* arg3,
                                                   const TEXT* arg4,
                                                   const TEXT* arg5)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ m s g _ f o r m a t
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Lookup and format message.  Return as much of formatted string
 *    as fits in caller's buffer.
 *
 **************************************/
      SLONG size = (SLONG) (((arg1) ? MAX_ERRSTR_LEN : 0) +
                                      ((arg2) ? MAX_ERRSTR_LEN : 0) +
                                      ((arg3) ? MAX_ERRSTR_LEN : 0) +
                                      ((arg4) ? MAX_ERRSTR_LEN : 0) +
                                      ((arg5) ? MAX_ERRSTR_LEN : 0) + MAX_ERRMSG_LEN);

      size = (size < length) ? length : size;

      TEXT* formatted = (TEXT *) gds__alloc(size);

      if (!formatted)                     // NOMEM:
            return -1;

      // Let's assume that the text to be output will never be shorter
      // than the raw text of the message to be formatted.  Then we can
      // use the caller's buffer to temporarily hold the raw text.

      const int n = gds__msg_lookup(handle, facility, number, length, buffer, NULL);

      if (n > 0 && n < length)
      {
            fb_utils::snprintf(formatted, size, buffer, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5);
      }
      else
      {
            Firebird::string s;
            s.printf("can't format message %d:%d -- ", facility, number);
            if (n == -1)
                  s += "message text not found";
            else if (n == -2)
            {
                  s += "message file ";
                  TEXT temp[MAXPATHLEN];
                  gds__prefix_msg(temp, MSG_FILE);
                  s += temp;
                  s += " not found";
            }
            else
            {
                  fb_utils::snprintf(formatted, size, "message system code %d", n);
                  s += formatted;
            }
            s.copyTo(formatted, size);
      }

      const USHORT l = strlen(formatted);
      const TEXT* const end = buffer + length - 1;

      for (const TEXT* p = formatted; *p && buffer < end;) {
            *buffer++ = *p++;
      }
      *buffer = 0;

      gds__free(formatted);
      return (n > 0 ? l : -l);
}


SSHORT API_ROUTINE gds__msg_lookup(void* handle,
                                                   USHORT facility,
                                                   USHORT number,
                                                   USHORT length,
                                                   TEXT* buffer,
                                                   USHORT* flags)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ m s g _ l o o k u p
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Lookup a message.  Return as much of the record as fits in the
 *    callers buffer.  Return the FULL size of the message, or negative
 *    number if we can't find the message.
 *
 **************************************/
      try
      {
            // Handle default message file
            int status = -1;
            gds_msg* messageL = (gds_msg*) handle;

            Firebird::MutexLockGuard guard(global_msg_mutex);

            if (!messageL && !(messageL = global_default_msg))
            {
                  // Try environment variable setting first

                  Firebird::string p;
                  if (!fb_utils::readenv("ISC_MSGS", p) ||
                        (status = gds__msg_open(reinterpret_cast<void**>(&messageL), p.c_str())))
                  {
                        TEXT translated_msg_file[sizeof(MSG_FILE_LANG) + LOCALE_MAX + 1];

                        // Try declared language of this attachment
                        // This is not quite the same as the language declared on the READY statement

                        TEXT* msg_file = (TEXT *) gds__alloc((SLONG) MAXPATHLEN);
                        // FREE: at block exit
                        if (!msg_file)          // NOMEM:
                              return -2;

                        if (fb_utils::readenv("LC_MESSAGES", p))
                        {
                              sanitize(p);
                              Firebird::string::size_type pos = p.find_last_of('/');
                              if (pos == Firebird::string::npos)
                                  pos = p.find_last_of('\\');

                              if (pos != Firebird::string::npos)
                                  p.erase(0, pos + 1);

                              fb_utils::snprintf(translated_msg_file,
                                    sizeof(translated_msg_file), MSG_FILE_LANG, p.c_str());
                              gds__prefix_msg(msg_file, translated_msg_file);
                              status = gds__msg_open(reinterpret_cast<void**>(&messageL), msg_file);
                        }
                        else
                              status = 1;

                        if (status)
                        {
                              // Default to standard message file

                              gds__prefix_msg(msg_file, MSG_FILE);
                              status = gds__msg_open(reinterpret_cast<void**>(&messageL), msg_file);
                        }
                        gds__free(msg_file);
                  }

                  if (status)
                        return status;

                  global_default_msg = messageL;
            }

            // Search down index levels to the leaf.  If we get lost, punt

            const ULONG code = MSG_NUMBER(facility, number);
            const msgnod* const end = (msgnod*) ((char*) messageL->msg_bucket + messageL->msg_bucket_size);
            ULONG position = messageL->msg_top_tree;

            status = 0;
            for (USHORT n = 1; !status; n++)
            {
                  if (lseek(messageL->msg_file, LSEEK_OFFSET_CAST position, 0) < 0)
                        status = -6;
                  else if (read(messageL->msg_file, messageL->msg_bucket, messageL->msg_bucket_size) < 0)
                        status = -7;
                  else if (n == messageL->msg_levels)
                        break;
                  else
                  {
                        for (const msgnod* node = (msgnod*) messageL->msg_bucket; !status; node++)
                        {
                              if (node >= end)
                              {
                                    status = -8;
                                    break;
                              }
                              if (node->msgnod_code >= code)
                              {
                                    position = node->msgnod_seek;
                                    break;
                              }
                        }
                  }
            }

            if (!status)
            {
                  // Search the leaf
                  for (const msgrec* leaf = (msgrec*) messageL->msg_bucket; !status; leaf = NEXT_LEAF(leaf))
                  {
                        if (leaf >= (const msgrec*) end || leaf->msgrec_code > code)
                        {
                              status = -1;
                              break;
                        }
                        if (leaf->msgrec_code == code)
                        {
                              // We found the correct message, so return it to the user
                              const USHORT n = MIN(length - 1, leaf->msgrec_length);
                              memcpy(buffer, leaf->msgrec_text, n);
                              buffer[n] = 0;

                              if (flags)
                                    *flags = leaf->msgrec_flags;

                              status = leaf->msgrec_length;
                              break;
                        }
                  }
            }

            return status;
      }
      catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
      {
            // not much can be done here
            return -100;
      }
}


int API_ROUTINE gds__msg_open(void** handle, const TEXT* filename)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ m s g _ o p e n
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Try to open a message file.  If successful, return a status of 0
 *    and update a message handle.
 *
 **************************************/
      const int n = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY, 0);
      if (n < 0)
            return -2;

      isc_msghdr header;
      if (read(n, &header, sizeof(header)) < 0)
      {
            close(n);
            return -3;
      }

      if (header.msghdr_major_version != MSG_MAJOR_VERSION
#if FB_MSG_MINOR_VERSION > 0
            || header.msghdr_minor_version < MSG_MINOR_VERSION
#endif
            )
      {
            close(n);
            return -4;
      }

      gds_msg* messageL = (gds_msg*) gds__alloc((SLONG) sizeof(gds_msg) + header.msghdr_bucket_size - 1);
      // FREE: in gds__msg_close
      if (!messageL)
      {
            // NOMEM: return non-open error
            close(n);
            return -5;
      }

#ifdef DEBUG_GDS_ALLOC
      // This will only be freed if the client closes the message file for us
      gds_alloc_flag_unfreed((void *) messageL);
#endif

      messageL->msg_file = n;
      messageL->msg_bucket_size = header.msghdr_bucket_size;
      messageL->msg_levels = header.msghdr_levels;
      messageL->msg_top_tree = header.msghdr_top_tree;

      *handle = messageL;

      return 0;
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__msg_put(void* handle,
                                            USHORT facility,
                                            USHORT number,
                                            const TEXT* arg1, const TEXT* arg2,
                                            const TEXT* arg3, const TEXT* arg4,
                                            const TEXT* arg5)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ m s g _ p u t
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Lookup and format message.  Return as much of formatted string
 *    as fits in callers buffer.
 *  This function will misbehave with the new format and we can't solve it.
 *
 **************************************/
      TEXT formatted[BUFFER_MEDIUM];

      gds__msg_format(handle, facility, number, sizeof(formatted), formatted,
                              arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5);
      gds__put_error(formatted);
}


SLONG API_ROUTINE gds__get_prefix(SSHORT arg_type, const TEXT* passed_string)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ g e t _ p r e f i x
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Find appropriate Firebird command line arguments
 *    for Interbase file prefix.
 *
 *      arg_type is 0 for $FIREBIRD, 1 for $FIREBIRD_LOCK
 *      and 2 for $FIREBIRD_MSG
 *
 *      Function returns 0 on success and -1 on failure
 *          it has very strange name, but to keep API as is leave it
 **************************************/
      if (! passed_string)
            return -1;

      Firebird::PathName prefix(passed_string);
      prefix.erase(MAXPATHLEN);
      for (size_t n = 0; n < prefix.length(); ++n)
      {
            switch (prefix[n])
            {
            case ' ':
            case '\n':  // don't know exact reason - just keep
            case '\r':  // old API call behavior
                  prefix.erase(n);
                  break;      // will also leave for() due to length change
            }
      }

      if (arg_type == IB_PREFIX_TYPE)
      {
            // it's very important to do it BEFORE GDS_init_prefix()
            Config::setRootDirectoryFromCommandLine(prefix);
      }

      GDS_init_prefix();

      switch (arg_type)
      {
      case IB_PREFIX_TYPE:
            prefix.copyTo(fb_prefix_val, sizeof fb_prefix_val);
            break;
      case IB_PREFIX_LOCK_TYPE:
            prefix.copyTo(fb_prefix_lock_val, sizeof fb_prefix_lock_val);
            break;
      case IB_PREFIX_MSG_TYPE:
            prefix.copyTo(fb_prefix_msg_val, sizeof fb_prefix_msg_val);
            break;
      default:
            return -1;
      }

      return 0;
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__prefix(TEXT* resultString, const TEXT* file)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ p r e f i x
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Find appropriate file prefix.
 *
 **************************************/
      resultString[0] = 0;

      GDS_init_prefix();

      strcpy(resultString, fb_prefix);    // safe - no BO
      safe_concat_path(resultString, file);
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__prefix_lock(TEXT* string, const TEXT* root)
{
/********************************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ p r e f i x _ l o c k
 *
 ********************************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Find appropriate Firebird lock file prefix.
 *
 **************************************/
      string[0] = 0;

      GDS_init_prefix();

      strcpy(string, fb_prefix_lock);     // safe - no BO

      // if someone wants to know prefix for lock files,
      // sooner of all he wants that directory to exist
      os_utils::createLockDirectory(string);

      safe_concat_path(string, root);
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__prefix_msg(TEXT* string, const TEXT* root)
{
/********************************************************
 *
 *      g d s _ $ p r e f i x _ m s g
 *
 ********************************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *      Find appropriate Firebird message file prefix.
 *      Override conditional defines with the enviroment
 *      variable FIREBIRD_MSG if it is set.
 *
 *
 **************************************/
      string[0] = 0;

      GDS_init_prefix();

      strcpy(string, fb_prefix_msg);      // safe - no BO
      safe_concat_path(string, root);
}


ISC_STATUS API_ROUTINE gds__print_status(const ISC_STATUS* vec)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ p r i n t _ s t a t u s
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Interprete a status vector.
 *
 **************************************/
      if (!vec || (!vec[1] && vec[2] == isc_arg_end))
            return FB_SUCCESS;

      TEXT* s = (TEXT *) gds__alloc((SLONG) BUFFER_LARGE);
      // FREE: at procedure return
      if (!s)                                   // NOMEM:
            return vec[1];

      const ISC_STATUS* vector = vec;

      if (!safe_interpret(s, BUFFER_LARGE, &vector))
      {
            gds__free(s);
            return vec[1];
      }

      gds__put_error(s);
      s[0] = '-';

      while (safe_interpret(s + 1, BUFFER_LARGE - 1, &vector))
            gds__put_error(s);

      gds__free(s);

      return vec[1];
}


USHORT API_ROUTINE gds__parse_bpb(USHORT bpb_length, const UCHAR* bpb, USHORT* source, USHORT* target)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ p a r s e _ b p b
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Get blob type, source sub_type and target sub-type
 *    from a blob parameter block.
 *
 **************************************/

      // SIGN ERROR

      return gds__parse_bpb2(bpb_length, bpb, (SSHORT*)source, (SSHORT*)target,
            NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
}


USHORT API_ROUTINE gds__parse_bpb2(USHORT bpb_length,
                                                   const UCHAR* bpb,
                                                   SSHORT* source,
                                                   SSHORT* target,
                                                   USHORT* source_interp,
                                                   USHORT* target_interp,
                                                   bool* source_type_specified,
                                                   bool* source_interp_specified,
                                                   bool* target_type_specified,
                                                   bool* target_interp_specified)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ p a r s e _ b p b 2
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Get blob type, source sub_type and target sub-type
 *    from a blob parameter block.
 *    Basically gds__parse_bpb() with additional:
 *    source_interp and target_interp.
 *
 **************************************/
      USHORT type = 0;
      *source = *target = 0;

      if (source_interp)
            *source_interp = 0;
      if (target_interp)
            *target_interp = 0;
      if (source_type_specified)
            *source_type_specified = false;
      if (source_interp_specified)
            *source_interp_specified = false;
      if (target_type_specified)
            *target_type_specified = false;
      if (target_interp_specified)
            *target_interp_specified = false;

      if (!bpb_length || !bpb)
            return type;

      const UCHAR* p = bpb;
      const UCHAR* const end = p + bpb_length;

      if (*p++ != isc_bpb_version1)
            return type;

      while (p < end)
      {
            const UCHAR op = *p++;
            const USHORT length = *p++;
            switch (op)
            {
            case isc_bpb_source_type:
                  *source = (USHORT) gds__vax_integer(p, length);
                  if (source_type_specified)
                        *source_type_specified = true;
                  break;

            case isc_bpb_target_type:
                  *target = (USHORT) gds__vax_integer(p, length);
                  if (target_type_specified)
                        *target_type_specified = true;
                  break;

            case isc_bpb_type:
            case isc_bpb_storage:
                  type |= (USHORT) gds__vax_integer(p, length);
                  break;

            case isc_bpb_source_interp:
                  if (source_interp)
                        *source_interp = (USHORT) gds__vax_integer(p, length);
                  if (source_interp_specified)
                        *source_interp_specified = true;
                  break;

            case isc_bpb_target_interp:
                  if (target_interp)
                        *target_interp = (USHORT) gds__vax_integer(p, length);
                  if (target_interp_specified)
                        *target_interp_specified = true;
                  break;

            default:
                  break;
            }
            p += length;
      }

      return type;
}


SLONG API_ROUTINE gds__ftof(const SCHAR* string,
                                          const USHORT length1,
                                          SCHAR* fieldL,
                                          const USHORT length2)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ f t o f
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Move a fixed length string to a fixed length string.
 *    This is typically generated by the preprocessor to
 *    move strings around.
 *
 **************************************/
      USHORT fill = 0;
      // CVC: a logic bug rendered the fill > 0 test useless
      if (length2 > length1)
            fill = length2 - length1;

      USHORT l = MIN(length1, length2);
      if (l > 0)
            memcpy(fieldL, string, l);

      fieldL += l;

      if (fill > 0)
            memset(fieldL, ' ', fill);

      return 0;
}


int API_ROUTINE fb_print_blr(const UCHAR* blr, ULONG blr_length,
      FPTR_PRINT_CALLBACK routine, void* user_arg, SSHORT language)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    f b _ p r i n t _ b l r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Pretty print blr thru callback routine.
 *
 **************************************/
      try
      {
            gds_ctl ctl;
            gds_ctl* control = &ctl;

            if (!routine)
            {
                  routine = gds__default_printer;
                  user_arg = NULL;
            }

            control->ctl_routine = routine;
            control->ctl_user_arg = user_arg;
            control->ctl_blr_reader = BlrReader(blr, blr_length);
            control->ctl_language = language;

            const SSHORT version = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();

            if (version != blr_version4 && version != blr_version5)
                  blr_error(control, "*** blr version %d is not supported ***", (int) version);

            blr_format(control, (version == blr_version4) ? "blr_version4," : "blr_version5,");

            SSHORT level = 0;
            SLONG offset = 0;
            blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
            blr_print_verb(control, level);

            offset = control->ctl_blr_reader.getOffset();
            const SCHAR eoc = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();

            if (eoc != blr_eoc)
                  blr_error(control, "*** expected end of command, encounted %d ***", (int) eoc);

            blr_format(control, "blr_eoc");
            blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
      }
      catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
      {
            return FB_FAILURE;
      }

      return FB_SUCCESS;
}


int API_ROUTINE gds__print_blr(const UCHAR* blr, FPTR_PRINT_CALLBACK routine,
      void* user_arg, SSHORT language)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ p r i n t _ b l r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Pretty print blr thru callback routine.
 *  ASF: DANGEROUS FUNCTION - do not use it in the server.
 *  Use fb_print_blr when possible, because the blr_length parameter.
 *
 **************************************/
      int ret = fb_print_blr(blr, MAX_ULONG, routine, user_arg, language);
      return ret ? -1 : 0;
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__put_error(const TEXT* string)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ p u t _ e r r o r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Put out a line of error text.
 *
 **************************************/

      fputs(string, stderr);
      fputc('\n', stderr);
      fflush(stderr);
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__qtoq(const void* quad_in, void* quad_out)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ q t o q
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Move a quad value to another quad value.  This
 *      call is generated by the preprocessor when assigning
 *      quad values in FORTRAN.
 *
 **************************************/

      *((ISC_QUAD*) quad_out) = *((ISC_QUAD*) quad_in);
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__register_cleanup(FPTR_VOID_PTR routine, void* arg)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ r e g i s t e r _ c l e a n u p
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Register a cleanup handler.
 *
 **************************************/

#ifdef UNIX
      // Copied old logic from other place.
      // No idea why gds__cleanup() should not execute after fork().
      gds_pid = getpid();
#endif

      Firebird::InstanceControl::registerGdsCleanup(gds__cleanup);

      clean_t* clean = (clean_t*) gds__alloc((SLONG) sizeof(clean_t));
      clean->clean_routine = routine;
      clean->clean_arg = arg;

#ifdef DEBUG_GDS_ALLOC
      // Startup function - known to be unfreed
      gds_alloc_flag_unfreed((void *) clean);
#endif

      Firebird::MutexLockGuard guard(cleanup_handlers_mutex);
      clean->clean_next = cleanup_handlers;
      cleanup_handlers = clean;
}


SLONG API_ROUTINE gds__sqlcode(const ISC_STATUS* status_vector)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ s q l c o d e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Translate GDS error code to SQL error code.  This is a little
 *    imprecise (to say the least) because we don't know the proper
 *    SQL codes.  One must do what what can; stiff upper lip, and all
 *    that.
 *
 *    Scan a status vector - if we find gds__sqlerr in the "right"
 *    positions, return the code that follows.  Otherwise, for the
 *    first code for which there is a non-generic SQLCODE, return it.
 *
 **************************************/
      if (!status_vector)
      {
            DEV_REPORT("gds__sqlcode: NULL status vector");
            return GENERIC_SQLCODE;
      }

      bool have_sqlcode = false;
      SLONG sqlcode = GENERIC_SQLCODE;    // error of last resort

      // SQL code -999 (GENERIC_SQLCODE) is generic, meaning "no other sql code
      // known".  Now scan the status vector, seeing if there is ANY sqlcode
      // reported.  Make note of the first error in the status vector who's
      // SQLCODE is NOT -999, that will be the return code if there is no specific
      // sqlerr reported.

      const ISC_STATUS* s = status_vector;
      while (*s != isc_arg_end)
      {
            if (*s == isc_arg_gds)
            {
                  s++;
                  if (*s == isc_sqlerr)
                  {
                        return *(s + 2);
                  }

                  if (!have_sqlcode)
                  {
                        // Now check the hard-coded mapping table of gds_codes to
                        // sql_codes
                        const SLONG gdscode = status_vector[1];

                        if (gdscode)
                        {
                              for (int i = 0; gds__sql_code[i].gds_code; ++i)
                              {
                                    if (gdscode == gds__sql_code[i].gds_code)
                                    {
                                          if (gds__sql_code[i].sql_code != GENERIC_SQLCODE)
                                          {
                                                sqlcode = gds__sql_code[i].sql_code;
                                                have_sqlcode = true;
                                          }
                                          break;
                                    }
                              }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                              sqlcode = 0;
                              have_sqlcode = true;
                        }
                  }
                  s++;
            }
            else if (*s == isc_arg_cstring)
                  s += 3;                       // skip: isc_arg_cstring <len> <ptr>
            else
                  s += 2;                       // skip: isc_arg_* <item>
      }

      return sqlcode;
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__sqlcode_s(const ISC_STATUS* status_vector, ULONG* sqlcode)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ s q l c o d e _ s
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Translate GDS error code to SQL error code.  This is a little
 *    imprecise (to say the least) because we don't know the proper
 *    SQL codes.  One must do what what can; stiff upper lip, and all
 *    that.  THIS IS THE COBOL VERSION.  (Some cobols don't have
 *    return values for calls...
 *
 **************************************/

      *sqlcode = gds__sqlcode(status_vector);
}


void API_ROUTINE fb_sqlstate(char* sqlstate, const ISC_STATUS* status_vector)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    f b _ s q l s t a t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Translate GDS error code to SQL State. We'll check to see if
 *  we have an exact match, and if so that's great. Maybe we'll
 *  get lucky and the caller already put a SQLSTATE in the
 *  status vector. It could happen.
 *
 **************************************/
      if (!status_vector)
      {
            DEV_REPORT("fb_sqlstate: NULL status vector");
            return;
      }

      if (status_vector[1] == 0)
      {
            // status_vector[1] == 0 is no error, by definition
            strcpy(sqlstate, "00000");
            return;
      }

      const ISC_STATUS* s = status_vector;
      const ISC_STATUS* const last_status = status_vector + ISC_STATUS_LENGTH - 1;
      bool have_sqlstate = false;

      strcpy(sqlstate, "HY000"); // error of last resort

      // step #1, maybe we already have a SQLSTATE stuffed in the status vector
      while ((*s != isc_arg_end) && !have_sqlstate)
      {
            if (*s == isc_arg_sql_state)
            {
                  ++s;
                  if (s >= last_status)
                        break;

                  const char* state = (char*) *s; // easy, next argument points to sqlstate string
                  fb_utils::copy_terminate(sqlstate, state, FB_SQLSTATE_SIZE);
                  have_sqlstate = true;
            }
            else if (*s == isc_arg_cstring)
            {
                  s += 3; // skip: isc_arg_cstring <len> <ptr>
            }
            else
            {
                  s += 2; // skip: isc_arg_* <item>
            }
            if (s >= last_status)
                  break;
      }

      if (have_sqlstate)
            return;

      // step #2, see if we can find a mapping.
      s = status_vector;

      while ((*s != isc_arg_end) && (!have_sqlstate))
      {
            if (*s == isc_arg_gds)
            {
                  ++s;
                  if (s >= last_status)
                        break;

                  const SLONG gdscode = (SLONG) *s;
                  if (gdscode != 0)
                  {
                        if (gdscode != isc_random && gdscode != isc_sqlerr)
                        {
                              // random is useless - it's just "%s". skip it
                              // sqlerr (sqlcode) is useless for determining sqlstate. skip it

                              // implement a binary search for array gds__sql_state[]
                              int first = 0;
                              int last = FB_NELEM(gds__sql_states) - 1;
                              while (first <= last)
                              {
                                    const int mid = (first + last) / 2;
                                    const SLONG new_code = gds__sql_states[mid].gds_code;
                                    if (gdscode > new_code)
                                    {
                                          first = mid + 1;
                                    }
                                    else if (gdscode < new_code)
                                    {
                                          last = mid - 1;
                                    }
                                    else
                                    {
                                          // found it!!!

                                          // we get 00000 for info messages like "Table %"
                                          // these are completely ignored
                                          const char* new_state = gds__sql_states[mid].sql_state;
                                          if (strcmp("00000", new_state) != 0)
                                          {
                                                fb_utils::copy_terminate(sqlstate, new_state, FB_SQLSTATE_SIZE);

                                                // 22000, 42000 and HY000 are general errors.
                                                // We may be able to find something more precise if we keep scanning.
                                                if (strcmp("22000", sqlstate) != 0 &&
                                                      strcmp("42000", sqlstate) != 0 &&
                                                      strcmp("HY000", sqlstate) != 0)
                                                {
                                                      have_sqlstate = true;
                                                }
                                          }
                                          break;
                                    }
                              } // while
                        }

                        ++s;
                  }
            }
            else if (*s == isc_arg_cstring)
            {
                  s += 3; // skip: isc_arg_cstring <len> <ptr>
            }
            else
            {
                  s += 2; // skip: isc_arg_* <item>
            }
            if (s >= last_status)
                  break;
      } // while

      // sqlstate will be exact match, or
      // 42000 for no_meta_update, or
      // HY000 if we didn't find a match
      return;
}


VoidPtr API_ROUTINE gds__temp_file(BOOLEAN stdio_flag, const TEXT* string, TEXT* expanded_string,
                                                 TEXT* dir, BOOLEAN unlink_flag)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *      g d s _ _ t e m p _ f i l e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *      Create and open a temp file with a given location.
 *      Unless the address of a buffer for the expanded file name string is
 *      given, make up the file "pre-deleted". Return -1 on failure.
 *      If unlink_flag is TRUE than file is marked as pre-deleted even if
 *      expanded_string is not NULL.
 * NOTE
 *      Function returns untyped handle that needs to be casted to either FILE
 *      or used as file descriptor. This is ugly and needs to be fixed probably
 *      via introducing two functions with different return types.
 *
 **************************************/
      try {
            // This legacy wrapper cannot process these parameters.
            // Fortunately, utilities never pass non-default values.
            fb_assert(!dir && !unlink_flag);

            Firebird::PathName filename = Firebird::TempFile::create(string);

            if (expanded_string)
            {
                  strcpy(expanded_string, filename.c_str());
            }

            if (stdio_flag)
            {
                  FILE* result = fopen(filename.c_str(), "w+b");
                  return result ? result : (void*) (IPTR) (-1);
            }

            return (void*) (IPTR) open(filename.c_str(), O_RDWR | O_EXCL | O_TRUNC);
      }
      catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
      {
            return (void*) (IPTR) (-1);
      }
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__unregister_cleanup(FPTR_VOID_PTR routine, void *arg)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ u n r e g i s t e r _ c l e a n u p
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Unregister a cleanup handler.
 *
 **************************************/
      Firebird::MutexLockGuard guard(cleanup_handlers_mutex);

      clean_t* clean;
      for (clean_t** clean_ptr = &cleanup_handlers; clean = *clean_ptr; clean_ptr = &clean->clean_next)
      {
        if (clean->clean_routine == routine && clean->clean_arg == arg)
            {
                  *clean_ptr = clean->clean_next;
                  gds__free(clean);
                  break;
            }
    }
}


BOOLEAN API_ROUTINE gds__validate_lib_path(const TEXT* module,
                                                               const TEXT* ib_env_var,
                                                               TEXT* resolved_module,
                                                               SLONG length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ v a l i d a t e _ l i b _ p a t h     ( n o n - V M S )
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Find the external library path variable.
 *    Validate that the path to the library module name
 *    in the path specified.  If the external lib path
 *    is not defined then accept any path, and return
 *    TRUE. If the module is in the path then return TRUE
 *    else, if the module is not in the path return FALSE.
 *
 **************************************/
      Firebird::string ib_ext_lib_path;
      if (!fb_utils::readenv(ib_env_var, ib_ext_lib_path))
      {
            strncpy(resolved_module, module, length);
            resolved_module[length - 1] = 0;
            return TRUE;            // The variable is not defined. Return TRUE
      }

      TEXT abs_module[MAXPATHLEN];
      if (EXPAND_PATH(module, abs_module))
      {
            // Extract the path from the absolute module name
            const TEXT* q = NULL;
            for (const TEXT* mp = abs_module; *mp; mp++)
            {
                  if ((*mp == '\\') || (*mp == '/'))
                        q = mp;
            }

            TEXT abs_module_path[MAXPATHLEN];
            memset(abs_module_path, 0, MAXPATHLEN);
            strncpy(abs_module_path, abs_module, q - abs_module);

            // Check to see if the module path is in the lib path
            // if it is return TRUE.  If it does not find it, then
            // the module path is not valid so return FALSE

            TEXT abs_path[MAXPATHLEN];
            TEXT path[MAXPATHLEN];

            // Warning: ib_ext_lib_path.length() is not coherent since strtok is applied to it.
            const TEXT* token = strtok(ib_ext_lib_path.begin(), ";");
            while (token != NULL)
            {
                  strncpy(path, token, sizeof(path));
                  path[sizeof(path) - 1] = 0;
                  // make sure that there is no traing slash on the path
                  TEXT* p = path + strlen(path);
                  if ((p != path) && ((p[-1] == '/') || (p[-1] == '\\')))
                        p[-1] = 0;
                  if ((EXPAND_PATH(path, abs_path)) && (!COMPARE_PATH(abs_path, abs_module_path)))
                  {
                        strncpy(resolved_module, abs_module, length);
                        resolved_module[length - 1] = 0;
                        return TRUE;
                  }
                  token = strtok(NULL, ";");
            }
      }
      return FALSE;
}


SLONG API_ROUTINE gds__vax_integer(const UCHAR* ptr, SSHORT length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ $ v a x _ i n t e g e r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Pick up (and convert) a VAX style integer of length 1, 2, or 4
 *    bytes.
 *
 **************************************/
      if (!ptr || length <= 0 || length > 4)
            return 0;

      SLONG value = 0;

      for (int shift = 0; --length >= 0; shift += 8) {
            value += ((SLONG) *ptr++) << shift;
      }

      return value;
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__vtof(const SCHAR* string, SCHAR* fieldL, USHORT length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ v t o f
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Move a null terminated string to a fixed length
 *    field.  The call is primarily generated  by the
 *    preprocessor.
 *
 **************************************/

      if (!length)
            return;

      while (*string)
      {
            *fieldL++ = *string++;
            if (--length == 0)
                  return;
      }

      if (length > 0)
            memset(fieldL, ' ', length);
}


void API_ROUTINE gds__vtov(const SCHAR* string, char* fieldL, SSHORT length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    g d s _ v t o v
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Move a null terminated string to a fixed length
 *    field.  The call is primarily generated  by the
 *    preprocessor.  Unless gds__vtof, the target string
 *    is null terminated.
 *
 **************************************/

      --length;

      while ((*fieldL++ = *string++) != 0)
      {
            if (--length <= 0)
            {
                  *fieldL = 0;
                  return;
            }
      }
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_print_sqlerror(SSHORT sqlcode, const ISC_STATUS* status)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ p r i n t _ s q l e r r o r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Given an sqlcode, give as much info as possible.
 *      Decide whether status is worth mentioning.
 *
 **************************************/
      TEXT error_buffer[192];

      sprintf(error_buffer, "SQLCODE: %d\nSQL ERROR:\n", sqlcode);
      TEXT* p = error_buffer;
      while (*p)
            p++;

      isc_sql_interprete(sqlcode, p, (SSHORT) (sizeof(error_buffer) - (p - error_buffer) - 2));
      while (*p)
            p++;

      *p++ = '\n';
      *p = 0;
      gds__put_error(error_buffer);

      if (status && status[1])
      {
            gds__put_error("ISC STATUS: ");
            gds__print_status(status);
      }
}


void API_ROUTINE isc_sql_interprete(SSHORT sqlcode, TEXT* buffer, SSHORT length)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    i s c _ s q l _ i n t e r p r e t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Given an sqlcode, return a buffer full of message
 *    This is very simple because all we have is the
 *      message number, and the sqlmessages have as yet no
 *    arguments
 *
 *    NOTE: As of 21-APR-1999, sqlmessages HAVE arguments hence use
 *          an empty string instead of NULLs.
 *
 **************************************/
      static const MsgFormat::SafeArg arg = MsgFormat::SafeArg() << "" << "" << "" << "" << "";

      if (sqlcode < 0)
            fb_msg_format(0, 13, (USHORT) (1000 + sqlcode), length, buffer, arg);
      else
            fb_msg_format(0, 14, sqlcode, length, buffer, arg);
}


static void blr_error(gds_ctl* control, const TEXT* string, ...)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ e r r o r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Report back an error message and unwind.
 *
 **************************************/
      USHORT offset;
      va_list args;

      va_start(args, string);
      blr_format(control, string, args);
      va_end(args);
      offset = 0;
      blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
      Firebird::LongJump::raise();
}


static void blr_format(gds_ctl* control, const char* string, ...)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ f o r m a t
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Format an utterance.
 *
 **************************************/
      va_list ptr;

      va_start(ptr, string);
      Firebird::string temp;
      temp.vprintf(string, ptr);
      control->ctl_string += temp;
      va_end(ptr);
}


static void blr_indent(gds_ctl* control, SSHORT level)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ i n d e n t
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Indent for pretty printing.
 *
 **************************************/

      level *= 3;
      while (--level >= 0)
            control->ctl_string += ' ';
}



static void blr_print_blr(gds_ctl* control, UCHAR blr_operator)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ b l r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print a blr item.
 *
 **************************************/
      const char* p;

      if (blr_operator >= FB_NELEM(blr_print_table) || !(p = blr_print_table[blr_operator].blr_string))
      {
            blr_error(control, "*** blr operator %d is undefined ***", (int) blr_operator);
      }

      blr_format(control, "blr_%s, ", p);
}


static SCHAR blr_print_byte(gds_ctl* control)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ b y t e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print a byte as a numeric value and return same.
 *
 **************************************/
      const UCHAR v = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
      blr_format(control, (control->ctl_language) ? "chr(%d), " : "%d, ", (int) v);

      return v;
}


static SCHAR blr_print_char(gds_ctl* control)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ c h a r
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print a byte as a numeric value and return same.
 *
 **************************************/
      SCHAR c;
      UCHAR v;

      v = c = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
      const bool printable = (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') || (c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') ||
            (c >= '0' && c <= '9') || c == '$' || c == '_';

      if (printable)
            blr_format(control, "'%c',", (char) c);
      else if (control->ctl_language)
            blr_format(control, "chr(%d),", (int) v);
      else
            blr_format(control, "%d,", (int) c);

      return c;
}


static void blr_print_cond(gds_ctl* control, SSHORT level)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ c o n d
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print an error condition.
 *
 **************************************/
      SSHORT n;

      const USHORT ctype = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
      SLONG offset = control->ctl_blr_reader.getOffset();

      switch (ctype)
      {
      case blr_gds_code:
            blr_format(control, "blr_gds_code, ");
            n = blr_print_byte(control);
            while (--n >= 0)
                  blr_print_char(control);
            break;

      case blr_exception:
            blr_format(control, "blr_exception, ");
            n = blr_print_byte(control);
            while (--n >= 0)
                  blr_print_char(control);
            break;

      case blr_exception_msg:
            blr_format(control, "blr_exception_msg, ");
            n = blr_print_byte(control);
            while (--n >= 0)
                  blr_print_char(control);
            blr_print_verb(control, 0);
            break;

      case blr_exception_params:
            blr_format(control, "blr_exception_params, ");
            n = blr_print_byte(control);
            while (--n >= 0)
                  blr_print_char(control);
            n = blr_print_word(control);
            blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
            while (--n >= 0)
                  blr_print_verb(control, level);
            break;

      case blr_sql_code:
            blr_format(control, "blr_sql_code, ");
            blr_print_word(control);
            break;

      case blr_default_code:
            blr_format(control, "blr_default_code, ");
            break;

      case blr_raise:
            blr_format(control, "blr_raise, ");
            break;

      default:
            blr_error(control, "*** invalid condition type ***");
            break;
      }
}


static int blr_print_dtype(gds_ctl* control)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ d t y p e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print a datatype sequence and return the length of the
 *    data described.
 *
 **************************************/
      SSHORT length;

      const USHORT dtype = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();

      // Special case blob (261) to keep down the size of the jump table
      const TEXT* string;

      switch (dtype)
      {
      case blr_short:
            string = "short";
            length = 2;
            break;

      case blr_long:
            string = "long";
            length = 4;
            break;

      case blr_int64:
            string = "int64";
            length = 8;
            break;

      case blr_quad:
            string = "quad";
            length = 8;
            break;

      case blr_timestamp:
            string = "timestamp";
            length = 8;
            break;

      case blr_sql_time:
            string = "sql_time";
            length = 4;
            break;

      case blr_sql_date:
            string = "sql_date";
            length = 4;
            break;

      case blr_float:
            string = "float";
            length = 4;
            break;

      case blr_double:
            {
                  string = "double";

                  // for double literal, return the length of the numeric string
                  const UCHAR* pos = control->ctl_blr_reader.getPos();
                  const UCHAR v1 = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
                  const UCHAR v2 = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
                  control->ctl_blr_reader.setPos(pos);
                  length = ((v2 << 8) | v1) + 2;
                  break;
            }

      case blr_d_float:
            string = "d_float";
            length = 8;
            break;

      case blr_text:
            string = "text";
            break;

      case blr_cstring:
            string = "cstring";
            break;

      case blr_varying:
            string = "varying";
            break;

      case blr_text2:
            string = "text2";
            break;

      case blr_cstring2:
            string = "cstring2";
            break;

      case blr_varying2:
            string = "varying2";
            break;

      case blr_blob2:
            string = "blob2";
            length = 8;
            break;

      case blr_bool:
            string = "bool";
            length = 1;
            break;

      case blr_domain_name:
            string = "domain_name";
            // Don't bother with this length.
            // It will not be used for blr_domain_name.
            length = 0;
            break;

      case blr_domain_name2:
            string = "domain_name2";
            // Don't bother with this length.
            // It will not be used for blr_domain_name2.
            length = 0;
            break;

      case blr_column_name:
            string = "column_name";
            // Don't bother with this length.
            // It will not be used for blr_column_name.
            length = 0;
            break;

      case blr_column_name2:
            string = "column_name2";
            // Don't bother with this length.
            // It will not be used for blr_column_name2.
            length = 0;
            break;

      case blr_not_nullable:
            string = "not_nullable";
            break;

      default:
            blr_error(control, "*** invalid data type ***");
            break;
      }

      blr_format(control, "blr_%s, ", string);

      switch (dtype)
      {
      case blr_not_nullable:
            length = blr_print_dtype(control);
            break;

      case blr_text:
            length = blr_print_word(control);
            break;

      case blr_varying:
            length = blr_print_word(control) + 2;
            break;

      case blr_cstring:
            length = blr_print_word(control);
            break;

      case blr_short:
      case blr_long:
      case blr_quad:
      case blr_int64:
            blr_print_byte(control);
            break;

      case blr_text2:
            blr_print_word(control);
            length = blr_print_word(control);
            break;

      case blr_varying2:
            blr_print_word(control);
            length = blr_print_word(control) + 2;
            break;

      case blr_cstring2:
            blr_print_word(control);
            length = blr_print_word(control);
            break;

      case blr_blob2:
            blr_print_word(control);
            blr_print_word(control);
            break;

      case blr_domain_name:
      case blr_domain_name2:
      case blr_column_name:
      case blr_column_name2:
            {
                  // 0 = blr_domain_type_of; 1 = blr_domain_full
                  blr_print_byte(control);

                  if (dtype == blr_column_name || dtype == blr_column_name2)
                  {
                        for (UCHAR n = blr_print_byte(control); n > 0; --n)
                              blr_print_char(control);

                        blr_format(control, " ");
                  }

                  for (UCHAR n = blr_print_byte(control); n > 0; --n)
                        blr_print_char(control);

                  if (dtype == blr_domain_name2 || dtype == blr_column_name2)
                        blr_print_word(control);

                  break;
            }
      }

      return length;
}


static void blr_print_join(gds_ctl* control)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ j o i n
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print a join type.
 *
 **************************************/
      const TEXT *string;

      const USHORT join_type = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();

      switch (join_type)
      {
      case blr_inner:
            string = "inner";
            break;

      case blr_left:
            string = "left";
            break;

      case blr_right:
            string = "right";
            break;

      case blr_full:
            string = "full";
            break;

      default:
            blr_error(control, "*** invalid join type ***");
            break;
      }

      blr_format(control, "blr_%s, ", string);
}


static SLONG blr_print_line(gds_ctl* control, SSHORT offset)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ l i n e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Invoke callback routine to print (or do something with) a line.
 *
 **************************************/

      (*control->ctl_routine)(control->ctl_user_arg, offset, control->ctl_string.c_str());
      control->ctl_string.erase();

      return control->ctl_blr_reader.getOffset();
}


static void blr_print_verb(gds_ctl* control, SSHORT level)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ v e r b
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Primary recursive routine to print BLR.
 *
 **************************************/
      SLONG offset = control->ctl_blr_reader.getOffset();
      blr_indent(control, level);
      UCHAR blr_operator = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();

      if (blr_operator == blr_end)
      {
            blr_format(control, "blr_end, ");
            blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
            return;
      }

      blr_print_blr(control, blr_operator);
      level++;
      const UCHAR* ops = blr_print_table[blr_operator].blr_operators;
      SSHORT n;

      while (*ops)
      {
            switch (*ops++)
            {
            case op_verb:
                  blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_line:
                  offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  break;

            case op_byte:
                  n = blr_print_byte(control);
                  break;

            case op_byte_opt_verb:
                  n = blr_print_byte(control);
                  blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  if (n != 0)
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_word:
                  n = blr_print_word(control);
                  break;

            case op_pad:
                  control->ctl_string += ' ';
                  break;

            case op_dtype:
                  n = blr_print_dtype(control);
                  break;

            case op_literal:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                        blr_print_char(control);
                  break;

            case op_join:
                  blr_print_join(control);
                  break;

            case op_message:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                  {
                        blr_indent(control, level);
                        blr_print_dtype(control);
                        offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  }
                  break;

            case op_parameters:
                  level++;
                  while (--n >= 0)
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  level--;
                  break;

            case op_error_handler:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                  {
                        blr_indent(control, level);
                        blr_print_cond(control, level);
                        offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  }
                  break;

            case op_set_error:
                  blr_print_cond(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_indent:
                  blr_indent(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_begin:
                  while (control->ctl_blr_reader.peekByte() != (UCHAR) blr_end)
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_map:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                  {
                        blr_indent(control, level);
                        blr_print_word(control);
                        offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  }
                  break;

            case op_args:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_literals:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                  {
                        blr_indent(control, level);
                        SSHORT n2 = blr_print_byte(control);
                        while (--n2 >= 0)
                              blr_print_char(control);
                        offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  }
                  break;

            case op_union:
                  while (--n >= 0)
                  {
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  }
                  break;

            case op_relation:
                  blr_operator = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
                  blr_print_blr(control, blr_operator);
                  // Strange message. Notice that blr_lock_relation was part of PC_ENGINE.
                  if (blr_operator != blr_relation && blr_operator != blr_rid)
                  {
                        blr_error(control,
                                      "*** blr_relation or blr_rid must be object of blr_lock_relation, %d found ***",
                                      (int) blr_operator);
                  }

                  if (blr_operator == blr_relation)
                  {
                        n = blr_print_byte(control);
                        while (--n >= 0)
                              blr_print_char(control);
                  }
                  else
                        blr_print_word(control);
                  break;

            case op_exec_into:
                  blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  if (! blr_print_byte(control)) {
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  }
                  while (n-- > 0) {
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  }
                  break;

            case op_exec_stmt:
            {
                  offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                  static const char* sub_codes[] =
                  {
                        NULL,
                        "inputs",
                        "outputs",
                        "sql",
                        "proc_block",
                        "data_src",
                        "user",
                        "pwd",
                        "tran",
                        "tran_clone",
                        "privs",
                        "in_params",
                        "in_params2",
                        "out_params"
                  };

                  int inputs = 0;
                  int outputs = 0;
                  while ((blr_operator = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte()) != blr_end)
                  {
                        blr_indent(control, level);
                        blr_format(control, "blr_exec_stmt_%s, ", sub_codes[blr_operator]);
                        switch (blr_operator)
                        {
                        case blr_exec_stmt_inputs:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_outputs:
                              if (blr_operator == blr_exec_stmt_inputs)
                                    inputs = blr_print_word(control);
                              else
                                    outputs = blr_print_word(control);
                              offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                        break;

                        case blr_exec_stmt_sql:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_proc_block:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_data_src:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_user:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_pwd:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_role:
                              offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                              level++;
                              blr_print_verb(control, level);
                              level--;
                        break;

                        // case blr_exec_stmt_tran:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_tran_clone:
                              blr_print_byte(control);
                              offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                        break;

                        case blr_exec_stmt_privs:
                              offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                        break;

                        case blr_exec_stmt_in_params:
                        case blr_exec_stmt_in_params2:
                              offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                              level++;
                              while (inputs)
                              {
                                    // input param name
                                    if (blr_operator == blr_exec_stmt_in_params2)
                                    {
                                          blr_indent(control, level);
                                          int len = blr_print_byte(control);
                                          while (len--)
                                                blr_print_char(control);

                                          offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                                    }
                                    --inputs;
                                    blr_print_verb(control, level);           // param expression
                                    offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                              }
                              level--;
                        break;

                        case blr_exec_stmt_out_params:
                              offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                              level++;
                              while (outputs)
                              {
                                    --outputs;
                                    blr_print_verb(control, level);           // param expression
                                    offset = blr_print_line(control, offset);
                              }
                              level--;
                        break;

                        default:
                              fb_assert(false);
                        }
                  }

                  // print blr_end
                  control->ctl_blr_reader.seekBackward(1);
                  blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;
            }

            case op_derived_expr:
                  n = blr_print_byte(control);
                  for (UCHAR i = 0; i < (UCHAR) n; ++i)
                        blr_print_byte(control);
                  offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;

            case op_cursor_stmt:
                  blr_operator = blr_print_byte(control);
                  blr_print_word(control);
                  offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  if (blr_operator == blr_cursor_fetch_scroll)
                  {
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                        blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  }
                  offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  break;

            case op_partition_args:
                  blr_indent(control, level);
                  n = blr_print_byte(control);
                  offset = blr_print_line(control, (SSHORT) offset);
                  for (int i = 0; i < 2; ++i)
                  {
                        for (SSHORT j = 0; j < n; ++j)
                              blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  }
                  blr_print_verb(control, level);
                  break;

            default:
                  fb_assert(false);
                  break;
            }
      }
}


static int blr_print_word(gds_ctl* control)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    b l r _ p r i n t _ w o r d
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Print a VAX word as a numeric value an return same.
 *
 **************************************/
      const UCHAR v1 = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
      const UCHAR v2 = control->ctl_blr_reader.getByte();
      blr_format(control, (control->ctl_language) ? "chr(%d),chr(%d), " : "%d,%d, ", (int) v1, (int) v2);

      return (v2 << 8) | v1;
}


void gds__cleanup()
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    c l e a n u p
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Exit handler for image exit.
 *
 **************************************/
#ifdef UNIX
      if (gds_pid != getpid())
            return;
#endif

      gds__msg_close(NULL);

      Firebird::MutexLockGuard guard(cleanup_handlers_mutex);

      Firebird::InstanceControl::registerGdsCleanup(0);

      clean_t* clean;
      while ( (clean = cleanup_handlers) )
      {
            cleanup_handlers = clean->clean_next;
            FPTR_VOID_PTR routine = clean->clean_routine;
            void* arg = clean->clean_arg;

            // We must free the handler before calling it because there
            // may be a handler (and is) that frees all memory that has been allocated.

            gds__free(clean);

            (*routine)(arg);
      }
      cleanup_handlers = NULL;
}


static void sanitize(Firebird::string& locale)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    s a n i t i z e
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Clean up a locale to make it acceptable for use in file names
 *      for Windows NT, PC.
 *    replace any period with '_' for NT or PC.
 *
 **************************************/

      for (Firebird::string::pointer p = locale.begin(); *p; ++p)
      {
            if (*p == '.')
                  *p = '_';
      }
}

static void safe_concat_path(TEXT *resultString, const TEXT *appendString)
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    s a f e _ c o n c a t _ p a t h
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Safely appends appendString to resultString using paths rules.
 *  resultString must be at most MAXPATHLEN size.
 *    Thread/signal safe code.
 *
 **************************************/
      size_t len = strlen(resultString);
      fb_assert(len > 0);

      if (resultString[len - 1] != PathUtils::dir_sep && len < MAXPATHLEN - 1)
      {
            resultString[len++] = PathUtils::dir_sep;
            resultString[len] = 0;
      }

      size_t alen = strlen(appendString);
      if (len + alen > MAXPATHLEN - 1)
      {
            alen = MAXPATHLEN - 1 - len;
      }

      fb_assert(len < MAXPATHLEN);
      fb_assert(alen < MAXPATHLEN);
      fb_assert(len + alen < MAXPATHLEN);

      memcpy(&resultString[len], appendString, alen);
      resultString[len + alen] = 0;
}


void FB_EXPORTED gds__default_printer(void* /*arg*/, SSHORT offset, const TEXT* line)
{
      printf("%4d %s\n", offset, line);
}


void gds__trace_printer(void* /*arg*/, SSHORT offset, const TEXT* line)
{
      // Assume that line is not too long
      char buffer[PRETTY_BUFFER_SIZE + 10];
      char* p = buffer;
      gds__ulstr(p, offset, 4, ' ');
      p += strlen(p);
      *p++ = ' ';
      strncpy(p, line, PRETTY_BUFFER_SIZE);
      p[PRETTY_BUFFER_SIZE] = '\0';
      p += strlen(p);
      *p++ = '\n';
      *p = 0;
      gds__trace_raw(buffer);
}

#undef gds__alloc

VoidPtr API_ROUTINE gds__alloc(SLONG size_request)
{
      try
      {
            return getDefaultMemoryPool()->allocate(size_request
#ifdef DEBUG_GDS_ALLOC
                  , __FILE__, __LINE__
#endif
            );
      }
      catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
      {
            return NULL;
      }
}

03665 class InitPrefix
{
public:
      static void init()
      {
            // Get fb_prefix value from config file
            // CVC: I put this protection block because we can't raise exceptions
            // if exceptions are already raised due to the same reason:
            // config file not found.
            Firebird::PathName prefix;
            try
            {
                  prefix = Config::getRootDirectory();
                  if (prefix.isEmpty() && !GetProgramFilesDir(prefix))
                        prefix = FB_CONFDIR[0] ? FB_CONFDIR : FB_PREFIX;
            }
            catch (const Firebird::Exception&)
            {
                  // CVC: Presumably here we failed because the config file can't be located.
                  if (!GetProgramFilesDir(prefix))
                        prefix = FB_CONFDIR[0] ? FB_CONFDIR : FB_PREFIX;
            }
            prefix.copyTo(fb_prefix_val, sizeof(fb_prefix_val));
            fb_prefix = fb_prefix_val;

            // Find appropiate temp directory
            Firebird::PathName tempDir;
            if (!fb_utils::readenv(FB_TMP_ENV, tempDir))
            {
#ifdef WIN_NT
                  const DWORD len = GetTempPath(sizeof(fbTempDir), fbTempDir);
                  // This checks "TEMP" and "TMP" environment variables
                  if (len && len < sizeof(fbTempDir))
                  {
                        tempDir = fbTempDir;
                  }
#else
                  fb_utils::readenv("TMP", tempDir);
#endif
            }
            if (!tempDir.length() || tempDir.length() >= MAXPATHLEN)
            {
                  tempDir = WORKFILE;
            }
            tempDir.copyTo(fbTempDir, sizeof(fbTempDir));

            // Find appropriate Firebird lock file prefix
            // Override conditional defines with the enviroment
            // variable FIREBIRD_LOCK if it is set.
            Firebird::PathName lockPrefix;
            if (!fb_utils::readenv(FB_LOCK_ENV, lockPrefix))
            {
#ifndef WIN_NT
                  PathUtils::concatPath(lockPrefix, WORKFILE, LOCKDIR);
#else
#ifdef WIN9X_SUPPORT
                  // shell32.dll version 5.0 and later supports SHGetFolderPath entry point
                  HMODULE hShFolder = LoadLibrary("shell32.dll");
                  PFNSHGETFOLDERPATHA pfnSHGetFolderPath =
                        (PFNSHGETFOLDERPATHA) GetProcAddress(hShFolder, "SHGetFolderPathA");

                  if (!pfnSHGetFolderPath)
                  {
                        // For old OS versions fall back to shfolder.dll
                        FreeLibrary(hShFolder);
                        hShFolder = LoadLibrary("shfolder.dll");
                        pfnSHGetFolderPath =
                              (PFNSHGETFOLDERPATHA) GetProcAddress(hShFolder, "SHGetFolderPathA");
                  }

                  char cmnData[MAXPATHLEN];
                  if (pfnSHGetFolderPath &&
                        pfnSHGetFolderPath(NULL, CSIDL_COMMON_APPDATA | CSIDL_FLAG_CREATE, NULL,
                              SHGFP_TYPE_CURRENT, cmnData) == S_OK)
                  {
                        PathUtils::concatPath(lockPrefix, cmnData, LOCKDIR);
                  }
                  else
                  {
                        // If shfolder.dll is missing or API fails fall back to using old style location for locks
                        lockPrefix = prefix;
                  }
                  FreeLibrary(hShFolder);
#else
                  char cmnData[MAXPATHLEN];
                  if (SHGetSpecialFolderPath(NULL, cmnData, CSIDL_COMMON_APPDATA, TRUE))
                  {
                        PathUtils::concatPath(lockPrefix, cmnData, LOCKDIR);
                  }
                  else
                  {
                        lockPrefix = prefix;    // emergency default
                  }
#endif  // WIN9X_SUPPORT
#endif  // WIN_NT
            }
            lockPrefix.copyTo(fb_prefix_lock_val, sizeof(fb_prefix_lock_val));
            fb_prefix_lock = fb_prefix_lock_val;

            // Find appropriate Firebird message file prefix.
            Firebird::PathName msgPrefix;
            if (!fb_utils::readenv(FB_MSG_ENV, msgPrefix))
            {
                  msgPrefix = FB_MSGDIR[0] ? FB_MSGDIR : prefix;
            }
            msgPrefix.copyTo(fb_prefix_msg_val, sizeof(fb_prefix_msg_val));
            fb_prefix_msg = fb_prefix_msg_val;
      }
      static void cleanup()
      {
      }
};

static Firebird::InitMutex<InitPrefix> initPrefix;

void GDS_init_prefix()
{
/**************************************
 *
 *    G D S _ i n i t _ p r e f i x
 *
 **************************************
 *
 * Functional description
 *    Initialize all data in various fb_prefixes.
 *    Calling it before any signal can be caught (from init())
 *    makes gds__prefix* family of functions signal-safe.
 *    In order not to break external API, call to GDS_init_prefix
 *    must be present in all gds__prefix functions. Due to correct
 *    init this doesn't make them unsafe.
 *
 **************************************/
      initPrefix.init();
}


// We try to see if the registry has the information for the Program Files
// directory, that follows the boot partition and is localized.
static bool GetProgramFilesDir(Firebird::PathName& output)
{
#ifdef WIN_NT
      const char* pdir = "SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion";
      const char* pvalue = "ProgramFilesDir";

      HKEY hkey;
      LONG rc = RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, pdir, 0, KEY_READ, &hkey);
      if (rc != ERROR_SUCCESS)
            return false;

      DWORD type, size = 0;
      rc = RegQueryValueEx(hkey, pvalue, NULL, &type, NULL, &size);
      if (rc != ERROR_SUCCESS || type != REG_SZ || !size)
      {
            RegCloseKey(hkey);
            return false;
      }

      output.reserve(size);
      BYTE* answer = reinterpret_cast<BYTE*>(output.begin());
      rc = RegQueryValueEx(hkey, pvalue, NULL, &type, answer, &size);
      RegCloseKey(hkey);
      if (rc != ERROR_SUCCESS)
            return false;

      output.recalculate_length();
      output += "\\Firebird\\";
      return true;
#else
      return false;
#endif
}


// Deprecated private API functions

extern "C"
{
      int API_ROUTINE gds__thread_enable(int)
      {
            return true;
      }


      void API_ROUTINE gds__thread_enter()
      {
      }


      void API_ROUTINE gds__thread_exit()
      {
      }
} // extern "C"

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